Sunday, January 5, 2014

Is Bakken Crude Safe For transport?

It doesn't really matter which method of transport for this product, none seem like a safe way to ship it. Bakken Crude is far more corrosive and explosive than any other type crude used in America today.

"Proper characterization will identify properties that could affect the integrity of the packaging or present additional hazards, such as corrosively, sulfur content, and dissolved gas content." 
PHMSA, the Transportation Department unit that issued yesterday’s alert, said it is also looking at how corrosive shale oil is to railcars, something Weimer said also could affect pipelines.
Three pipeline companies including Enbridge Inc. (ENB) warned regulators that North Dakota oil with too much hydrogen sulfide, which is toxic and flammable, was reaching terminals and putting workers at risk.
In June, Enbridge won an emergency order to reject oil with high hydrogen-sulfide levels from its pipelines after telling the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission it found dangerous levels of the compound at a Berthold, North Dakota, rail terminal. Hydrogen sulfide fumes are an irritant and a chemical asphyxiant that can alter both oxygen use and the central nervous system, according to the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
(Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)

Packing gas onto tank cars meant to carry liquid fuels can push the pressure to dangerous levels and provoke explosions, industry officials have said.
"Large amounts of vapor pressure can split the tank, sink the roof and emit (a) flammable gas cloud," the Canadian Crude Quality Technical Association, an industry-sponsored research group, concluded in March.
Bakken producers have recently reported a large amount of corrosion in tank cars and "high vapor pressure causing bubbling crude," the trade group said. (Reuters)

Wheather it is shipped by rail or pipe, more research is needed to degassify and stabilize this deadly mixture before allowing it to flow under our yards or pass by our bedroom windows.

I used to think of Johnny Cash when I heard "I hear that train a commin" Now I think of where to hide. Americans have no idea what's going on right outside their door for the most part.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.